New York, which was also known as New Netherlands at one point, included what is now New Jersey in colonial times. In 1664, the Dutch surrendered to England. A year later, Governor Philip Carteret took leadership of the newly-organized British colony of New Jersey.
A group of English Quakers gained some New Jersey land from Lord Berkeley in 1676, which left the colony split into the Quaker land and the land governed by Governor Carteret. In 1702, the area transitioned into a united crown colony under the Royal Governor of New York. Then, in 1738, New York and New Jersey finally became separate colonies. Governorship of New Jersey was given to Lewis Morris.
When the American Revolutionary War took place, New Jersey became a focal point in the war, because it was centrally located between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and New York City. See also New Jersey History Page for more Details
The State of New Jersey entered the union as the 3rd state on Dec. 18, 1787. It has 21 Counties (New Jersey is the only state in which all 21 counties are officially classified as “metropolitan” by the census). The capital is Trenton and the official state website is www.nj.gov.
New Jersey’s 2010 population was 8,791,894 and the largest cities (2010) are Newark, 277,140; Jersey City, 247,597; Paterson, 146,199; Elizabeth, 124,969; Edison, 99,967; Woodbridge, 99,585; Lakewood, 92,843; Toms River, 91,239; Hamilton, 88,464; Trenton (Capital), 84,913.
New Jersey’s name derives from the island of Jersey in the English Channel, the birthplace of Sir George Carteret, a co-owner of New Jersey in the 17th century. Mississippi’s state nickname is “The Garden State”. The State Motto is ” Liberty and Prosperity “.